The Galician Pony also known as Faca galizana, Jaca gallega, Poney gallego, Poni
galaga is found in Galicia, in the northwest of Spain. This is
a region with a very wet climate and numerous low mountains. This breed is
used for meat production and for riding. Its size is between that of a pony
and a normal horse. These animals are very rugged and hardy. A herdbook was
formed in 1994. This breed was used in the development of the Galiceņo.
According to the 1973 study by Pedro Iglesias there were more than 20,000
Galician ponies free in the mountains in the northwestern region of Spain.
However, it is thought that this number has decreased because of sanitary
problems and low economic returns.
The Galician Pony belongs to a wide family of ponies which live on the
Atlantic coastal area from Portugal to Scotland. In the past, the main use of
this animal was the hair of the mane and tail used to make different kinds of
brushes. Today synthetic fibers have replaced this natural material and meat
production is the principal production destination.
The Galician Pony is a mix of Celtic horses, Roman horses and horses brought
to Spain by the Suevos. More recently they have crossbred with other breeds.
It is short-bodied and strong-legged. Despite their ethnic heterogeneity
(three types of Galician ponies can be found in different parts of Galicia)
the main characteristics are its straight profile, linear proportions, height
of between 1.20 and 1.30 meters, and a chestnut coat. An interesting
characteristic of one of the three types is the long mustache which appears on
the upper lips of the older mares.
In addition to meat production, they have a tourist value. One of the most
traditional and popular festivals in Galicia is the "curros." * This festival
consists in getting the semi-wild horses from the Galician mountains once a
year, usually in summer, to brand, cut their manes and tails and sell them in
the "curro." In this fair everyone participates in bringing the horses to the
curro. Afterwards people buy some of the horses and the rest are set free
again. This festival attracts a lot of tourists and generates financial
resources for the region.
*The "curro" is a closed area where the horses are exhibited during the fair.
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